Speech is an activity that is quite often done. Not only among state officials. Speech can be done anywhere by anytime. In a speech, a person can convey various things with many purposes.
However, there must be some things to do before making a speech. The person giving the speech must also understand the speech activity itself. This article will discuss about speech. Starting from the understanding of speech, the purpose of speech, the types of speech to the structure of making speech texts.
Definition of Speech
understanding of speech Speech is an activity of speaking in front of many people.
The content of the conversation in the speech will explain the ideas and instructions. Not infrequently people who make speeches will give advice to their listeners. It depends on the context or condition of the speech.
Generally, speeches will be made by people who are considered important. In a sense, the person is needed to convey a statement or view. The things conveyed contained information by way of oration.
The following is the meaning of speech according to several experts, namely:
1. KBBI (Big Indonesian Dictionary)
According to KBBI, speech is an expression of thoughts in the form of words. Speech addressed to the crowd. In addition, speech is a discourse that is prepared to be spoken in front of an audience.
2. Emha Abdurrahman
The definition of speech according to Emha Abdurrahman is an activity of speaking in public. Speech is done to convey an opinion or description. Speech is done by someone orally. The information in the speech explains something or a problem. The speech will be done using clear sentences at a certain time in front of many people.
Syam explained that the notion of speech is a technique of speaking. The speech will be carried out using effective words or language. People who make a speech will display a skill of that person. Generally, it will show a skill in choosing words. It will affect the listeners.
According to Arsjad, speech is a communication activity. This activity is carried out by someone with a purpose. These objectives include conveying and instilling various ideas, ideas and concepts.
All these things will be disclosed in public. The goal is to make the listener believe in the idea, idea or concept being explained. In other words, it is done so that listeners believe in the person who is giving a speech.
4. M. Djen Amar
According to M. Djen Amar, speech is a matter that relates to three things. First, the speaker or communicator who conveys something orally. The second relates to the content of the conversation, the content of the speech or message that is included in the message or verbal message. The three listeners or audience who attend and listen, they are called communicants in communication.
Based on the general understanding and according to experts, conclusions can be drawn regarding the meaning of speech. Speech is the delivery of a message from a speaker to listeners. Speech is done in a special communication situation. The goals vary, can be to entertain, inform something or persuade.
Not infrequently speeches aim to touch the emotions of the listeners. The activity of the speech requires formal language and the correct structure is needed. These things are done depending on the listener.
In the speech there is also a series of sentences. These sentences have meaning in them. The meaning will discuss a view of the speaker’s thoughts. For example in expressing an event or occurrence.
This book is the easiest to use as a guide for students and students in practicing or competing in speeches. This book not only presents various speech themes, but also presents speech techniques as well as examples of Master Ceremony texts or presenters in three languages.
This speech proficient book received enthusiastic responses from students and santri because it covers three languages, namely Indonesian speech text, English speech text and also Arabic speech text. Hopefully, this book is very helpful for anyone who wants to practice speech and help win a speech contest.
There are several objectives of carrying out a speech, including the following:
1. Give greetings
One of the purposes of speech is to give a greeting. In an event or activity, it will generally be opened with a greeting. This is what makes speech necessary.
Speech in this purpose is to provide opening or greeting sentences to listeners or the general public. For example, such as the inauguration speech of a building. In addition, speech at the opening of a meeting or activity is also included in the purpose of giving greetings.
READ ALSO: Proverbs: Definition, Types, Characteristics, and Examples
2. Provide information
Speech also has a purpose to provide information. It is clear that the information is provided for listeners or the general public. In this purpose, the information provided is generally important about a matter.
An example is a press conference speech. Usually related to a problem or thing that is deemed necessary to be immediately informed to the general public. Like a speech about the decision of the month of Ramadan or so.
3. Influence listeners
Another purpose of speech is also to influence the listeners. This type of speech is generally in the form of an invitation. Speech used to influence listeners is persuasive speech.
The purpose of the speech is so that the listeners want to do what is said in the speech. These things are also done voluntarily. For example, an invitation to protect the environment by throwing garbage in its place.
The example of the speech is so that fans no longer throw garbage carelessly. Another example is the speech about vaccines, which is currently being promoted by the government. The purpose of the speech was to invite the public to participate in vaccine activities.
4. Entertaining listeners
Speech also has a purpose to entertain the listeners. In this speech, the person giving the speech will convey sentences that are pleasant to hear. For example, a speech that has elements of comedy in it.
5. Convince listeners
Speeches to convince listeners can also be done. The purpose of this speech is generally done if there is an important event. For example, a speech during a political party campaign.
The people who run for office will certainly give a lot of speeches regarding what the ideas and goals will be. This is done so that people believe in themselves. This is an example of the purpose of a speech to convince the listener.
This book presents a variety of theories that you can learn to become a reliable speaker and attract the masses. In addition, this book also presents various examples of speeches and MCs on various occasions, so that at least you have a script reference in compiling a speech.
Types of Speech
1. Informative speech
One type of speech that is known to many people is informative speech. Informative speech is a speech that has the purpose of conveying important knowledge or information. The information will be given to the communicant or listener.
This is intended so that listeners know what is being conveyed. In addition, so that listeners understand the information that has been conveyed. It is also hoped that listeners will receive the information conveyed.
According to Monroe, Ehninger and Gronbeck informative speech can be divided into 3 kinds. First, oral reports or oral reports. Examples of oral reports are committee reports, scientific reports, project reports, annual reports and so on.
Second, teaching or oral instruction. For example, a teacher who is explaining a subject matter. In addition, superiors who explain a job to their employees.
Third, informative lectures or lectures. Examples include public lectures, presentations made in front of conference participants, recitation activities and a paper presentation.
2. Argumentative speech
The next type of speech is argumentative speech. Argumentative speech is speech that contains several things. Such as arguments, arguments, data or reasons. These things serve to reject or support a statement.
Such as certain beliefs, opinions or opinions. In order to strengthen the acceptability of the argument, other things are also needed. Such as statistics, factual data, evidence or testimony of a figure or expert.
3. Recreational Speech
The next type of speech is recreational speech. Recreational speeches are also often referred to as family speeches. This type of speech will generally present a joy.